xsltproc — command line xslt processor


xsltproc [[-V] | [-v] | [-o file] | [--timing] | [--repeat] | [--debug] | [--novalid] | [--noout] | [--maxdepth val] | [--html] | [--param name value] | [--stringparam name value] | [--nonet] | [--path paths] | [--load-trace] | [--catalogs] | [--xinclude] | [--profile] | [--dumpextensions] | [--nowrite] | [--nomkdir] | [--writesubtree] | [--nodtdattr]] [stylesheet] [file1] [file2] [....]


xsltproc is a command line tool for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents. It is part of libxslt, the XSLT C library for GNOME. While it was developed as part of the GNOME project, it can operate independently of the GNOME desktop.

xsltproc is invoked from the command line with the name of the stylesheet to be used followed by the name of the file or files to which the stylesheet is to be applied. It will use the standard input if a filename provided is - .

If a stylesheet is included in an XML document with a Stylesheet Processing Instruction, no stylesheet need be named at the command line. xsltproc will automatically detect the included stylesheet and use it.

By default, output is to stdout. You can specify a file for output using the -o option.

Command Line Options

-V or --version
Show the version of libxml and libxslt used.
-v or --verbose
Output each step taken by xsltproc in processing the stylesheet and the document.
-o or --output file
Direct output to the file named file. For multiple outputs, also known as "chunking", -o directory/ directs the output files to a specified directory. The directory must already exist.
Display the time used for parsing the stylesheet, parsing the document and applying the stylesheet and saving the result. Displayed in milliseconds.
Run the transformation 20 times. Used for timing tests.
Output an XML tree of the transformed document for debugging purposes.
Skip loading the document's DTD.
Do not output the result.
--maxdepth value
Adjust the maximum depth of the template stack before libxslt concludes it is in an infinite loop. The default is 500.
The input document is an HTML file.
--param name value
Pass a parameter of name name and value value to the stylesheet. You may pass multiple name/value pairs up to a maximum of 32. If the value being passed is a string rather than a node identifier, use --stringparam instead.
--stringparam name value
Pass a paramenter of name name and value value where value is a string rather than a node identifier. (Note: The string must be utf-8.)
Do not use the Internet to fetch DTD's, entities or documents.
--path paths
Use the list (separated by space or column) of filesystem paths specified by paths to load DTDs, entities or documents.
Display to stderr all the documents loaded during the processing.
Use the SGML catalog specified in SGML_CATALOG_FILES to resolve the location of external entities. By default, xsltproc looks for the catalog specified in XML_CATALOG_FILES. If that is not specified, it uses /etc/xml/catalog.
Process the input document using the Xinclude specification. More details on this can be found in the Xinclude specification:
--profile or --norman
Output profiling information detailing the amount of time spent in each part of the stylesheet. This is useful in optimizing stylesheet performance.
Dumps the list of all registered extensions on stdout.
Refuses to write to any file or resource.
Refuses to create directories.
--writesubtree path
Allow file write only within the path subtree.
Do not apply default attributes from the document's DTD.

Return values

xsltproc's return codes provide information that can be used when calling it from scripts.

0: normal

1: no argument

2: too many parameters

3: unknown option

4: failed to parse the stylesheet

5: error in the stylesheet

6: error in one of the documents

7: unsupported xsl:output method

8: string parameter contains both quote and double-quotes

9: internal processing error

10: processing was stopped by a terminating message

11: could not write the result to the output file

More Information

libxml web page:

W3C XSLT page: